How to Setup a Home Gym

You may have a ton of reasons for not going to the gym – maybe it's too much effort, maybe you don't get enough time for a proper workout, maybe the music is bad, maybe you are apprehensive about touching sweaty equipment, maybe you have your own inhibitions, or maybe you fear too much of social closeness.

Whatever your reason for not going to the gym may be, setting up a home gym can be the solution.

Creating your own private gym at home allows you to focus on your fitness goals — rather than being held back by your fears and inhibitions. In this cover-all article, we'll talk about why you should invest in a home gym, how you should plan for it, what equipment you need, how to design the gym, how to put it all together and more.

Let's get started.

1. Reasons Why Home Gym is Right for You

  • Workout at any time

    You can choose to workout at your own time and pace instead of setting time aside time to make a trip to the gym.
  • Have your own space

    When you are in your home gym, you are in a judgment-free zone. You can wear anything and work out the way you want without anyone watching you.
  • Customise the gym as you want

    Gyms cater to a wide variety of customers – beginners to athletes – each with different fitness goals. You may not find the right range of equipment needed to meet your fitness goals. One of the best things about the home gym is that you can customise it perfectly according to your needs and goals.
  • Never have to wait for your turn

    Waiting for someone to finish using the equipment is a mood killer. In your own home gym, you are the only customer. You can use any equipment at any time.
  • Save time and workout for long

    Going to the gym requires you to keep aside time for getting ready – and the commute too. This time can be saved when you set a home gym. You can use this saved time to work extra in your home gym.
  • Save on expensive gym memberships

    Certainly, there are some upfront costs involved in setting up a home gym, especially in terms of equipment. But these are one-off purchases. Whatever you would have spent on gym memberships can be put towards buying equipment for a home gym.

2. How to Plan For Your Home Gym: Step-by-Step Guide to Set Up Home Gym

  • Step 1: Determine Your Goals

    Your goals will determine what equipment you need for your home gym. With this knowledge in mind, you can budget your money and space better.

    For example, if you prefer cardio, then you might want to invest in a cardio machine and use most of the space for carrying out cardio workout routines.

    If you prefer weight lifting and building muscle, you might allow most of the space for weightlifting gear.

    To figure out your goals, ask yourself some key questions:

    • What sort of workout (exercise and activities) do you prefer?
    • How do you want to look and feel?
    • What do you want out of your workouts? Weight loss, cardio fitness, improved strength, muscle increase, or improved performance?

    Most people start with the fitness journey with two fitness goals in mind:

    • To look good: Improve the way their body looks – losing fat, building muscles, getting toned or building abs.
    • To become fit: Improve the way their body performs – get better and faster in activities or sports.

    Which category do you belong to? This, and your other health and fitness goals, will help decide what sort of exercises and what sort of equipment you will need to achieve the results you want.

  • Step 2: Determine How Much Space You Have

    Figure out where you're going to set up the gym.

    Do you have a whole spare room? Or just a corner?

    Do you want the gym to be in the basement or a garage?

    Once you know where you are going to set up your gym, the next step is to figure out how to use the space optimally. Don't worry if you have very little space for your gym. Just as there's equipment for every budget, there's equipment for any sized space as well.

    The new-age fitness equipment is designed to be compact and multipurpose. A multi-gym equipment two top benefits:

    • It's compact – it doesn't eat up a lot of space at home (saves space)
    • It's versatile – it does the job of 4 to 5 machines (saves money).
  • Step 3: Figure Out Your Budget

    It's a myth that only the rich can afford a home gym. Home gyms can start cheap; you just have to start and allow it to evolve over time.

    So, what should be the budget for your home gym? The budget will greatly depend on what kind of equipment you need. And the equipment you need in your gym greatly depends on what your fitness goals are.

    If your workout demands heavyweights and a rack, it's going to be more expensive than a workout that relies more on floor exercises involving medicine balls, yet less expensive if you are more interested in complicated cardio machines.

    ProTip: Do some quick online research to get an idea of the costs associated with different types of gym equipment. If you are on a tight budget, consider buying second-hand equipment.

  • Step 4: Stock Your Home Gym

    This is the fun part – choosing what equipment you want in your personal gym! Remember, your choice of equipment should help you reach your fitness goals, above all else. Choosing a skipping rope if you're not remotely interested in cardio doesn't serve the purpose.

    Also, you don't need different pieces of equipment to meet your goals. And you certainly don't have to buy them all at once. Remember, the best home gyms evolve over time; so, start with just the most important ones and then build on it.

    You may find these tips useful while buying equipment for your home gym:

    • Choose a versatile piece of equipment that can be used for multiple exercises.
    • Look for durable equipment with long warranties that will stand the test of time.
    • If you are not on a tight budget and if the aesthetic of the gym is a priority to you, you might want to consider the look and feel of your equipment – the colour scheme, and the general vibe.

    The basic equipment to start off your gym can be a bench and barbell for strength training, a yoga mat and medicine ball for functional fitness or just a jump/skipping rope to improve your cardio fitness. As your workout routine evolves, so will your gym. You might find yourself adding more weights or different machines to meet your evolved fitness goals.

    Having said that, take a look at some of the essential pieces of equipment you'll need in your home gym.

    Note: Remember, you don't have to buy everything for your home gym all at once. Start with a few key pieces and then gradually build it up from there.

    Cardio Training Equipment

    Cardio training equipment is any equipment that can help you sustain smooth and continuous movement at an elevated heart rate for at least 20 minutes.

    Treadmills can give you that serious burn. If you have the budget and space, don't overlook it. If you are tight on cash and space, a jump rope is good enough. Use a weighted jump rope to crank up the intensity.

    Other considerations:

        • Cycle: Cycling is an excellent way to get your heart pumping. It provides a low-impact workout, burns body fat and helps in weight loss.



        • Curve treadmills: Studies have shown that the self-powered nature of curved treadmills can help you burn 30% more calories than walking on a regular flat treadmill. This is because while walking on a curved treadmill, you use your glutes, hamstrings, and core more to propel your body forward.

    • Rowers & Air bikes: Unlike running, rowing is low-impact, but it can help you burn up to 600-800 calories per hour. Also, compared to other forms of cardio, rowing works on a wider range of muscles.

    Strength Training Equipment

    Strength training typically includes HIIT, functional fitness, and CrossFit.

    • HIIT (High-Intensity Interval Training)

      The best part about HIIT workouts (High-Intensity Interval Training) is that they don't require a ton of equipment and they can be done from anywhere. HIIT workouts alternate between intense, quick bursts of cardio exercises followed by short periods of recovery.
    • Functional Fitness Training

      Functional Fitness training is aimed at providing overall strength and balance to do our daily physical tasks easily. This could be as simple as reducing the strain you feel when carrying the grocery bags to your car or giving you the energy to play with your children longer.
    • CrossFit Training

      CrossFit training prepares your body for challenges. The workouts are broken into timed events that pushes your body to constantly adapt to new scenarios, thus boosting your fitness levels.

    The equipment used for this group of training (HIIT, functional fitness, and CrossFit) focuses on building a body capable of doing real-life activities. Some basic equipment, which you can pick and choose depending on your fitness goals and your budget are:

      • Bench: Bench is required for incline, decline and flat bench exercises. You can buy an adjustable bench that has 3 in 1 function.
      • Dumbbells: Dumbbells are free weights that are economical. They come in varying weights that can help decide the pace of the workout and the number of repetitions you need to carry out of a particular exercise.
      • Barbell: You can do various exercises like shoulder press, bench press, squat and bent over barbell rowing, and deadlift. The traditional way of using a barbell is with a set of bumper plates added to it.
      • Bumper Plates: Bumper plates are weight plates that are used with barbells for weightlifting. They come in sets of varying weights and are usually made of rubber, steel or iron.
      • Pull Up Bar: A pull up bar is used for developing the upper body strength. It makes an essential home gym equipment because it is economical and versatile with variable handholds and adjustable placements.
      • Kettlebells: Kettlebells are used to carry out many types of exercises, including ballistic exercises that combine strength, cardiovascular, and flexibility training.
      • Power Rack: Power rack has many names – squat cage, power cage, or squat rack—this piece of weight training equipment functions as a mechanical spotter for free weight barbell exercises.
      • Plyometric Box: It is best to practise burpees and jumps. These boxes can be constructed at home using plywood. They come in a variety of heights.
      • Yoga Mats: Yoga mats are affordable and easily available online. They come in different designs and colours.
      • Medicine Ball:It is used to develop a stronger body and better balance. Used mostly in aerobics, they come in different shapes and sizes to meet various fitness needs.
      • Resistant Band: Resistance bands help in creating resistance while doing exercises. Using these bands, you can create resistance in different types of workouts.
      • Battle Rope: The battle rope is a must-have if you intend to pack on lean mass. It's very effective and can help you burn up to 10 calories in a minute.
    • Punching Bag:For HIIT (high-intensive interval training), rope in a punching bag in the centre of your room, to knock out stress for the day.
    • BOSUs:BOSU is important to training the mid-section. It is best for people with back problems wanting to train their abs and lower back.
    • Gym Ball:Gym ball can be used by people at every fitness level from beginners to advanced fitness enthusiasts. It is a useful tool for strengthening the core, performing balance exercises, such as pelvic thrusts.

    Recovery Equipment

    Whether you are all for cardio or all for strength, recovery is important. That's why your home gym needs to have recovery equipment.

    Foam rollers are versatile recovery equipment. You can use them for reducing muscle fatigue and soreness, thus speeding up your recovery process and enhancing your overall muscular performance.

    Other considerations:

    • Hot and Cold Foot Roller: This relieves pain from heel spurs and plantar fasciitis. The shape and texture of the hot and cold foot roller allow greater penetration and kneading effect to relax and recover muscles.
    • Hand-Held Massage Gun: The hand-held design of this gun allows you to easily massage your muscles to relieve pain and muscle fatigue.
  • Step 5: Create a Storage Plan

    If you want to pack a ton of equipment in a small space, storage is key.

    Here are a few tips on how to store your gym equipment at home:

    • Pick up a storage container for minimalist workout routines. This container can hold your yoga mat, resistance bands, sliders, jump rope, and other portable pieces. The best part of this storage container is that you can easily slide it under your bed or couch.
    • Turn an empty wall into a storage solution. Put up a hanging organiser. Hang all your bands to keep them tangle-free.
    • If the set of your dumbbells come with a rack, it's great. Otherwise, you may have to invest in a compact weight rack, which can hold at least five sets of dumbbells, up to 200 Ibs. Place it in one corner of your home gym.
  • Step 6: Design Your Home Gym

    Have a vision for your gym. Think about how you can make the space that gets you pumped up to work out. Consider colour schemes, posters, lighting, mirrors, music, and progression photos to create that vibe.

    If you're not sure where to start, look for inspiration online. Check out social media sites like Instagram. Try searching with the help of hashtags and get really cool home gym ideas.

    A few tips to get you started:

    • Mirrors: Mirrors are great for concentrating on your body posture and movement while doing exercise. In a way, the mirror lets you be your own instructor. They also make your space appear larger than it actually is.
    • Lights: Keep the area bright with good lights. Keeping your home gym well-lit ensures high energy levels when you are working out.
    • Rubber Flooring: If you are converting a spare room into a gym, cover the carpet area with rubber flooring. This flooring comes in interlocking square pieces and is easy to install. The rubber flooring cushions your body when you are doing core workout. It also protects your floor from getting damaged or slippery (because of sweat drips).
    • TV or Computer: If you like to watch videos or online workout tutorials, install a TV or a computer at a level that is optimal for following along with the routine.
    • Music System: If you have been working out in the gym for long, you'll know how effective music is in motivating you to perform better. Set up a music system and play the music that drives you to do better.
    • Air Conditioner: If your home gym is well ventilated with clean air, then probably you can do without an AC. But if your area is polluted, you'll need an AC to ensure you don't breathe impure air while working out.
    • Air Freshener: Gyms are all about sweating it out. But this sweat can make your home gym stuffy with its lingering stale and musty smell. Invest in automatic air fresheners that spray aroma after every few minutes and keep the whole area smelling fresh.

Final Thoughts

A home gym is an investment in your long-term health. By setting it up, you are enabling yourself to get closer to your fitness goals. Just reading this guide and thinking about the possibilities is a step towards prioritising your health and fitness.

Finally, keep in mind that a home gym gives back only what you put in. All the time, money and effort will go waste if you don't use your home gym. So get into it and get rewarded with good health and a fit body!